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Symbolic Neutrosophic Theory

By Smarandache, Florentin

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Book Id: WPLBN0100304557
Format Type: PDF eBook:
File Size: 0.1 MB
Reproduction Date: 11/1/2015

Title: Symbolic Neutrosophic Theory  
Author: Smarandache, Florentin
Language: English
Subject: Non Fiction, Science
Collections: Authors Community, Mathematics
Publication Date:
Publisher: Nova
Member Page: Infinite Science


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Smarandache, B. F. (2015). Symbolic Neutrosophic Theory. Retrieved from

Symbolic (or Literal) Neutrosophic Theory is referring to the use of abstract symbols (i.e. the letters T, I, F, or their refined indexed letters Tj, Ik, Fl) in neutrosophics. In the first chapter we extend the dialectical triad thesis-antithesis-synthesis (dynamics of and , to get a synthesis) to the neutrosophic tetrad thesis- antithesis-neutrothesis-neutrosynthesis (dynamics of , , and , in order to get a neutrosynthesis). In the second chapter we introduce the neutrosophic system and neutrosophic dynamic system. A neutrosophic system is a quasi- or (𝑑, 𝑖, 𝑓)–classical system, in the sense that the neutrosophic system deals with quasi-terms/concepts/attributes, etc. [or (𝑑, 𝑖, 𝑓) -terms/concepts/attributes], which are approximations of the classical terms/concepts/attributes, i.e. they are partially true/membership/probable ( 𝑑% ), partially indeterminate ( 𝑖% ), and partially false/nonmembership/improbable (𝑓% ), where 𝑑, 𝑖, 𝑓 are subsets of the unitary interval [0, 1]. In the third chapter we introduce for the first time the notions of Neutrosophic Axiom, Neutrosophic Deducibility, Neutrosophic Axiomatic System, Degree of Contradiction (Dissimilarity) of Two Neutrosophic Axioms, etc. The fourth chapter we introduced for the first time a new type of structures, called (t, i, f)-Neutrosophic Structures, presented from a neutrosophic logic perspective, and we showed particular cases of such structures in geometry and in algebra. In any field of knowledge, each structure is composed from two parts: a space, and a set of axioms (or laws) acting (governing) on it. If the space, or at least one of its axioms (laws), has some indeterminacy of the form (t, i, f) β‰  (1, 0, 0), that structure is a (t, i, f)-Neutrosophic Structure. In the fifth chapter we make a short history of: the neutrosophic set, neutrosophic numerical components and neutrosophic literal components, neutrosophic numbers, etc. The aim of this chapter is to construct examples of splitting the literal indeterminacy (I) into literal sub-indeterminacies (I1,I2,…,Ir), and to define a multiplication law of these literal sub-indeterminacies in order to be able to build refined I-neutrosophic algebraic structures. In the sixth chapter we define for the first time three neutrosophic actions and their properties. We then introduce the prevalence order on {𝑇, 𝐼, 𝐹} with respect to a given neutrosophic operator β€œπ‘œβ€, which may be subjective - as defined by the neutrosophic experts. And the refinement of neutrosophic entities , , and . Then we extend the classical logical operators to neutrosophic literal (symbolic) logical operators and to refined literal (symbolic) logical operators, and we define the refinement neutrosophic literal (symbolic) space. In the seventh chapter we introduce for the first time the neutrosophic quadruple numbers (of the form π‘Ž + 𝑏𝑇 + 𝑐𝐼 + 𝑑𝐹) and the refined neutrosophic quadruple numbers. Then we define an absorbance law, based on a prevalence order, both of them in order to multiply the neutrosophic components 𝑇, 𝐼, 𝐹 or their sub-components 𝑇𝑗, πΌπ‘˜, 𝐹𝑙 and thus to construct the multiplication of neutrosophic quadruple numbers.


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