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By: by Jesús Estupiñán Ricardo; Maikel Yelandi Leyva Vázquez

El derecho es una herramienta para lograr el cambio social. Debe estar a la altura de una sociedad moderna y progresista. La vida en la era moderna es más complicada que en la época de nuestros antepasados. Con los métodos y herramientas actuales es imposible resolver los problemas de hoy. Para adaptarse al entorno social en constante cambio, estos contenidos deben ser revisados de vez en cuando. Se pueden persuadir mediante el establecimiento de una opinión pública fuer...

By: by Lorenzo Jovanny Cevallos Torres; Alfonso Aníbal Guijarro Rodríguez

El conjunto neutrosófico se ha derivado de una nueva rama de la filosofía, denominada Neutrosofía. La cual es capaz de tratar la incertidumbre, la indeterminación y la información inconsistente. Los enfoques del conjunto neutrosófico son adecuados para modelar problemas con incertidumbre, indeterminación e información inconsistente en los que es necesario el conocimiento humano y la evaluación humana. La teoría de los conjuntos neutrosóficos fue propuesta en 1998 por Flo...

This book is inspired by a German theoretical physicist, Sabine Hossenfelder’s publication: “Lost in Mathematics”. Her book seems to question highly mathematical and a lot of abstraction in the development of physics and cosmology studies nowadays. There is clear tendency that in recent decades, the physics science has been predominated by such an advanced mathematics, which at times sounding more like acrobatics approach to a reality. Through books by senior mathematica...

In this book, the authors systematically define the new notion of linguistic graphs associated with a linguistic set of a linguistic variable. We can also define the notion of directed linguistic graphs and linguistic-weighted graphs. Chapter two discusses all types of linguistic graphs, linguistic dyads, linguistic triads, linguistic wheels, complete linguistic graphs, linguistic connected graphs, disconnected linguistic graphs, linguistic components of the graphs and s...

In this book, the authors introduce the linguistic set associated with a linguistic variable and the structure of matrices, which they define as linguistic matrices. The authors build linguistic matrices only for those linguistic variables which yield a linguistic continuum or an ordered linguistic set. This book is organised into three chapters. The first chapter is introductory, in which we introduce all the basic concepts of linguistic variables and the associated lin...

In this book, for the first time, authors try to introduce the concept of linguistic variables as a continuum of linguistic terms/elements/words in par or similar to a real continuum. For instance, we have the linguistic variable, say the heights of people, then we place the heights in the linguistic continuum [shortest, tallest] unlike the real continuum (–∞, ∞) where both –∞ or +∞ is only a non-included symbols of the real continuum, but in case of the linguistic conti...

This collection of articles explores a wide range of subject, from Godel’s incompleteness theorem, to possible technocalypse and neutrofuturology. Articles on historical debates on irrational number to electroculture, on vortex particle, or on different Neutrosophic applications are included.

By: by Ana Jacqueline Haro Velasteguí; Sol David Lopezdomínguez Rivas

Las empresas tienen a la actividad financiera como uno de los pilares fundamentales para su desarrollo, más allá de su misión. El presente texto tiene como propósito mostrar elementos que son necesarios conocer por profesionales e interesados en los temas económicos. Se pretende acercar a los lectores a los procesos financieros que se desarrollan en las empresas. Los contenidos son organizados en seis capítulos y al concluir cada uno, aparecen interrogantes para que el l...

Holding on a thing is essentially to recognize the cause and effect in its evolution. The combinatorial notion implied in words of the sophist in the fable of the blind men with an elephant, is a philosophic notion recognizing things with only the local knowing. Under this notion, this book surveys the quantitative knowing of things, starts with the universal questions raised by children, explains the understanding of things including the reference frame, relativity, sys...

New notions are defined in the comparable structures on these three models to understand the behaviors of these models according to the notions. This book is based on neutrosophic graph theory which is designed to study different types of coloring in that graphs to get new ideas and new results. The results concern specific classes of neutrosophic graphs. New notions are defined in the comparable structures on these three models to understand the behaviors of these model...

Algebraic structures on linguistic sets associated with a linguistic variable are introduced. The linguistics with single closed binary operations are only semigroups and monoids. We describe the new notion of linguistic semirings, linguistic semifields, linguistic semivector spaces and linguistic semilinear algebras defined over linguistic semifields. We also define algebraic structures on linguistic subsets of a linguistic set associated with a linguistic variable. We ...

The notion of linguistic geometry is defined in this book. It is pertinent to keep in the record that linguistic geometry differs from classical geometry. Many basic or fundamental concepts and notions of classical geometry are not true or extendable in the case of linguistic geometry. Hence, for simple illustration, facts like two distinct points in classical geometry always define a line passing through them; this is generally not true in linguistic geometry. Suppose w...

This is an album of photographs taken by Prof. Florentin Smarandache in various places in Jamaica during a visit in December 2009 - January 2010. The photographs are accompanied by explanatory texts - fugitive notations of the author.

This is a photoalbum of a trip I made in Egypt at the end of 2007 – beginning of 2008, honoring an invitation to hold seminars on neutrosophic logic, on which occasion I also visited museums, pyramids and modern cities.

This is a photoalbum inspired by a trip in which I ventured almost twenty years ago (2004) in Bahamas, and on which I related at large in my travelog “Frate cu meridianele si paralelele” (Brother of meridians and parallels), tome II, Rm. Valcea, Romania, 2005 (in Romanian).
In addition to images, this album contains short notations on the history of Bahamas or its current real-life, or intents to impart instant perceptions had on the spot, placed retrospectively under...

This photo album exhibits photographies from a trip I took in MACAU ten years ago (2012), and on which I related at large in my travelog “EXTENSICA. FOTOJURNAL INSTANTANEU DIN CANTON” (Extenics. Instant photojournal in Canton), Romania, 2012 (in Romanian). In addition to images, this album contains short notations on the history of Macau or its current real-life.
Macau (officially the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China) is a city by ...

This sixth volume of Collected Papers includes 74 papers comprising 974 pages on (theoretic and applied) neutrosophics, written between 2015-2021 by the author alone or in collaboration with the following 121 co-authors from 19 countries: Mohamed Abdel-Basset, Abdel Nasser H. Zaied, Abduallah Gamal, Amir Abdullah, Firoz Ahmad, Nadeem Ahmad, Ahmad Yusuf Adhami, Ahmed Aboelfetouh, Ahmed Mostafa Khalil, Shariful Alam, W. Alharbi, Ali Hassan, Mumtaz Ali, Amira S. Ashour, Asm...

This seventh volume of Collected Papers includes 70 papers comprising 974 pages on (theoretic and applied) neutrosophics, written between 2013-2021 by the author alone or in collaboration with the following 122 co-authors from 22 countries: Mohamed Abdel-Basset, Abdel-Nasser Hussian, C. Alexander, Mumtaz Ali, Yaman Akbulut, Amir Abdullah, Amira S. Ashour, Assia Bakali, Kousik Bhattacharya, Kainat Bibi, R. N. Boyd, Ümit Budak, Lulu Cai, Cenap Özel, Chang Su Kim, Victor Ch...

This eighth volume of Collected Papers includes 75 papers comprising 973 pages on (theoretic and applied) neutrosophics, written between 2010-2022 by the author alone or in collaboration with the following 102 co-authors (alphabetically ordered) from 24 countries: Mohamed Abdel-Basset, Abduallah Gamal, Firoz Ahmad, Ahmad Yusuf Adhami, Ahmed B. Al-Nafee, Ali Hassan, Mumtaz Ali, Akbar Rezaei, Assia Bakali, Ayoub Bahnasse, Azeddine Elhassouny, Durga Banerjee, Romualdas Baus...

This ninth volume of Collected Papers includes 87 papers comprising 982 pages on Neutrosophic Theory and its applications in Algebra, written between 2014-2022 by the author alone or in collaboration with the following 81 co-authors (alphabetically ordered) from 19 countries: E.O. Adeleke, A.A.A. Agboola, Ahmed B. Al-Nafee, Ahmed Mostafa Khalil, Akbar Rezaei, S.A. Akinleye, Ali Hassan, Mumtaz Ali, Rajab Ali Borzooei , Assia Bakali, Cenap Özel, Victor Christianto, Chunxin...